A much needed mirror of Cybrary free IT training, originally shared By usman47
on November 23, 2015
Almost 80% of home users use Microsoft Windows daily, as it’s their OS of choice and pretty easy to use. Most Hackers, like myself, are against using Windows as it’s a very insecure environment for a normal user to work in. Plus, most of the people don’t understand the kind of threats they’re facing and think installing antivirus software is a solution for all their problems. So, I thought that I should teach you guys the steps to create a multi-layered security shield. But before starting, let me give you guys some more info.
What Do I Mean By a Security Shield ?
For me, a security shield means multiple layers of security that can increase the security of a common Windows User at the level it should be. If you use your favorite Linux based hacking distro, like Kali, on virtual machine like most Hackers do, you’re also vulnerable because the security of the VM depends upon the security of Host OS which is usually Windows.
How Will a Security Shield Protect Me ?
I want to protect everyone from some no-so-smart people who call themselves H@ckers, who, in reality, don’t understand How Stuff Works. Trust me, most of the time, they’re a very big threat. Any good Hacker will easily manage to defeat the security, but if they can’t even protect you from a N00B, then that’s a great concern for me.
So, let’s get started…
1. First Layer : Desktop Locker :-
Everyone knows they should setup a startup password on their computer to outsiders from accessing it. But, there’s a ton of software’s that can bypass the Windows Logon screen. Protect yourself by downloading a Desktop locking solution. This software has proved difficult to evade. Some of this software is USB Raptor, Eusing Maze Lock, etc.
2. Second Layer : Antivirus :-
Antivirus software is the second layer of defense against threats that a common user faces. Some people don’t favor using antivirus. In my opinion, antivirus can be helpful in making your computer secure. You don’t need to buy an expensive one. Download a free antivirus like AVG or Avast, and it will be enough. Don’t run two antiviruses at the same time because they will make your computer more vulnerable. Once you have the software installed, keep it up to date. Set a password so that no one can mess with it easily.
3. Third Layer : Firewall :-
A properly configured firewall can defeat a wide array of threats like remote hacking and backdoors. Sadly, Windows builtin firewall doesn’t get the job done because it’s easy to defeat and it’s a pain to configure properly. So, you might need a new firewall. There are free firewalls available that are more than enough for a normal user. I recommend using Comodo Free Firewall or Zonealarm Firewall because they’re very effective and easy to implement and configure. Just installing the firewall won’t help; you should configure it to make it a tough wall against all threats. Like antivirus software, set up a password so that no one can modify the rules you set when you’re not around.
4. Fourth Layer : Antikeylogger :-
Keyloggers are one of those threats that are usually neglected. When securing our systems, we think that protection against keyloggers will be provided by the antivirus and the firewall. In reality, there’s a 90% chance that keylogger will easily defeat your defense. They are easy to code and install in the computer. Not only can they log all your keystrokes, they can also hack your webcam, take pics of your computer’s screen, etc. That’s why they’re considered just as much a threat as many other things. There’s a lot of Antikeyloggers software available; most of them will fail to stop most keyloggers. However, there’s a free software called “Key Scrambler,” which is the best antikeylogger solution I’ve found. It doesn’t detect whether a software is trying to log keystrokes. Instead, it encrypts every keystroke you enter. If a keylogger manages to log keystrokes, all he gets is a encrypted letter which is worth nothing. I recommend using it.
5. Fifth Layer : Virtualization :-
You could download a file from the web that might contain a Trojan horse. There’s no easy way to protect yourself from this threat, but there’s software called ‘SandBox’ which might prove helpful. Once you’ve downloaded a file from the Web, run it in SandBox and check if the file causes a suspicious process to run. This is little bit difficult for non-experienced users. Practice with this tool and you’ll learn how to do it. Bonus: The file runs in Virtual Environment and doesn’t effect your computer.
6. Sixth Layer : Browser Security :-
We all use web browsers that are highly vulnerable. I recommend that you not store your passwords in your Web Browser as they are very easily to be grabbed. Also, use SSL if possible. Another good thing to do is to install some security extensions like HTTPS. Everywhere, AdBlock, etc. in your browser, which will provide additional protection.
7. Last Layer : Use Your Brain :-
All layers above can be easily evaded if you have your head in the clouds. Keep everything up to date and keep installing Windows patches regularly. Download software from trusted sources and keep an eye out for any suspicious activity happening on your computer.
A Few Last Words :
I’ve tried to give you some tips for improving the security of your computer. If you don’t understand any of the terms mentioned above, Google them. Remember that getting hacked by an Elite Hacker is possible but getting hacked by a N00B is an insult of your abilities. Implement countermeasures to prevent this from happening. For assistance, suggestions or support, email me at “Usmanaura47@gmail.com”